Gordon CooperStatus: Deceased 3/6/1927 – 10/4/2004 Nationality: American Type: Government First Flight: 5/15/1963 Last Flight: 8/21/1965Leroy Gordon “Gordo” Cooper Jr. was an American aerospace engineer, test pilot, United States Air Force pilot, and the youngest of the seven original astronauts in Project Mercury, the first manned space program of the United States. Cooper piloted the longest and final Mercury spaceflight in 1963. He was the first American to sleep in space during that 34-hour mission and was the last American to be launched alone to conduct an entirely solo orbital mission. In 1965, Cooper flew as Command Pilot of Gemini 5.LaunchesAtlas LV-3B | Mercury-Atlas 9Titan II GLV | Gemini VNational Aeronautics and Space AdministrationType: Government Abbreviation: NASA Administration: Administrator: Bill Nelson Founded: 1958 Launchers: Space Shuttle | SLS Spacecraft: Orion Country: USAThe National Aeronautics and Space Administration is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. NASA have many launch facilities but most are inactive. The most commonly used pad will be LC-39B at Kennedy Space Center in Florida.