Gaia’s ambitious mission is to chart a three-dimensional map of the Milky Way, in process revealing the composition, formation and evolution of our galaxy.
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Soyuz Launch Complex
Kourou, French Guiana
317 rockets have launched from Kourou, French Guiana.
Soyuz STB Fregat-MT – Progress Rocket Space Center
- Family: Soyuz
- Length: 46.3 m
- Diameter: 2.95 m
- Launch Mass: 310 T
- Low Earth Orbit Capacity: 8200 kg
The Soyuz STB Fregat-MT was manufactured by Progress Rocket Space Center with the first launch on 2012-10-12. Soyuz STB Fregat-MT has 5 successful launches and 0 failed launches with a total of 5 launches. The 2.1b version adds an upgraded engine (RD-0124) with improved performance to the second stage. First launch took place from Plesetsk Cosmodrome Site 43 on 26 July 2008 with a classified military payload.
The 2.1b/ST version is sometimes called Soyuz ST-B.
Arianespace – ASA
- Type: Commercial
- Abbreviation: ASA
- Administration: CEO: Stéphane Israël
- Founded: 1980
- Launchers: Ariane | Vega
- Country: FRA
Arianespace SA is a multinational company founded in 1980 as the world’s first commercial launch service provider. It undertakes the production, operation, and marketing of the Ariane programme. Their vehicles launch exclusively from French Guiana in South America.