Type: Earth Science
The Helios program is Europe’s military optical reconnaissance system consisting of both a space and a ground segment, which commenced service in 1995, jointly funded by the French, Italian and Spanish governments. The Helios I optical observation satellites, launched in July 1995 and December 1999 respectively, can acquire high resolution images of any point on the globe, with daily revisit capability. Helios-1B had suffered a breakdown of its power supply system in October 2004 and could no longer perform any work after operating for just under its 5-year nominal life expectancy.
Kourou, French Guiana
313 rockets have launched from Kourou, French Guiana.
Ariane 40 – Aérospatiale
Length: 55.6 m
Diameter: 3.8 m
Launch Mass: 245 T
Low Earth Orbit Capacity: 4600 kg
The Ariane 40 was manufactured by Aérospatiale with the first launch on 1990-01-22. Ariane 40 has 7 successful launches and 0 failed launches with a total of 7 launches. The Ariane 4 was an expendable space launch system, developed by the Centre national d’études spatiales (CNES), the French space agency, for the European Space Agency (ESA). It was manufactured by ArianeGroup and marketed by Arianespace. Since its first flight on 15 June 1988 until the final flight on 15 February 2003, it attained 113 successful launches out of 116 total launches.
Administration: CEO: Stéphane Israël
Launchers: Ariane 5 | Vega
Arianespace SA is a multinational company founded in 1980 as the world’s first commercial launch service provider. It undertakes the production, operation, and marketing of the Ariane programme. Their vehicles launch exclusively from French Guiana in South America.