Jean-Jacques FavierStatus: Retired 4/13/1949 – Nationality: French Type: Government First Flight: 6/20/1996 Last Flight: 6/20/1996Jean-Jacques Favier (Born April 13, 1949) is a French engineer and a former CNES astronaut who flew aboard the STS-78 NASA Space Shuttle mission. Favier was due to fly aboard the Columbia mission in 2003, but later signed out of the mission. Jean-Jacques Favier has been Deputy Director for Space Technology and Deputy Director for Advanced Concepts and Strategy at CNES, Director of the Solidification Laboratory at the French Atomic Energy Commission and Research Program Director at the International Space University.LaunchesSpace Shuttle Columbia / OV-102 | STS-78National Center of Space ResearchType: Government Abbreviation: CNES Administration: Jean-Yves Le Gall Founded: 1961 Launchers: Ariane 5 Spacecraft: Mars/Venus Express | Rosetta Country: FRAThe National Center of Space Research, or CNES, is a French National Agency in charge of France’s space program. In partnership with the US and Russia, they have put 10 people in space. CNES works in tandem with the larger ESA to develop the Ariane 5 and work on other probes and satellites. They are working with Germany to develop a cheaper and more efficient reusable rocket, which hopefully will be ready to fly by 2026.