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Vostok-K – Soviet Space Program

Vostok-K – Soviet Space Program

Family: R-7
Length: 30.84 m
Diameter: 2.99 m
Launch Mass: 280 T
Low Earth Orbit Capacity: 4725 kg

The Vostok-K was manufactured by Soviet Space Program with the first launch on 1960-05-15. Vostok-K has 11 successful launches and 2 failed launches with a total of 13 launches. The Vostok-K was an expendable carrier rocket used by the Soviet Union for thirteen launches between 1960 and 1964, six of which were manned.

The Vostok-K made its maiden flight on 22 December 1960, three weeks after the retirement of the Vostok-L. The third stage engine failed 425 seconds after launch, and the payload, a Korabl-Sputnik spacecraft, failed to reach orbit. The spacecraft was recovered after landing, and the two dogs aboard the spacecraft survived the flight.

On 12 April 1961, a Vostok-K rocket was used to launch Vostok 1, the first manned spaceflight, which made Yuri Gagarin the first human to fly in space.

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