- Family: Space Shuttle
- Length: 56.1 m
- Diameter: 8 m
- Launch Mass: 2030 T
- Low Earth Orbit Capacity: 27500 kg
The Space Shuttle was manufactured by National Aeronautics and Space Administration with the first launch on 1981-04-12. Space Shuttle has 133 successful launches and 2 failed launches with a total of 135 launches. The Space Shuttle is a retired, partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated from 1981 to 2011 by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) as part of the Space Shuttle program. Its official program name was Space Transportation System (STS). Five complete Space Shuttle orbiter vehicles were built and flown on a total of 135 missions from 1981 to 2011.