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Flight 138

X-15

United States Air Force

Launch Status
Success

Crew


Joe Engle

Joe Engle

  • Birthday: 08/26/1932
  • Role: Pilot
  • Nationality: American
  • First Flight: 06/29/1965
  • Last Flight: 08/27/1985

Joe Henry Engle is an American pilot who served in the United States Air Force, test pilot for the North American X-15 program, aeronautical engineer, and a former NASA astronaut. As of 2018, he is the last living pilot of the X-15 program.

Engle test-flew the joint NASA-Air Force X-15 rocket airplane. During the course of testing, Engle earned his USAF Astronaut Wings, a Distinguished Flying Cross and other awards. Engle was selected by NASA in 1966 for the Apollo program, and was originally scheduled to land on the Moon as Lunar Module Pilot on Apollo 17, but was bumped when later flights were cancelled, so that geologist-astronaut Harrison H. Schmitt could fly.

He subsequently became one of the first astronauts in the Space Shuttle program, having flight tested the Space Shuttle Enterprise in 1977. He was Commander of the second orbital test flight of the Space Shuttle Columbia in 1981.

Mission


Flight 138

  • Type: Test Flight
  • Orbit: Suborbital

Flight 138 of the North American X-15 was a test flight conducted by NASA and the US Air Force in 1965. Piloted by Joe H. Engle it reached an altitude of 85.5 km.

Location


Edwards Air Force Base

Air launch to Suborbital flight

Edwards Air Force Base has witnessed the launch of 13 rockets, including 0 orbital launch attempts, while Air launch to Suborbital flight, has been the site for 85 rocket launches.

Edwards Air Force Base

Rocket


North American Aviation North American X-15

The North American X-15 was a hypersonic rocket-powered aircraft operated by the United States Air Force and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration as part of the X-plane series of experimental aircraft.

North American X-15

Agency


United States Air Force

The United States Air Force (USAF) is the air service branch of the United States Armed Forces, and is one of the eight uniformed services of the United States. Originally created on 1 August 1907, as a part of the United States Army Signal Corps, the USAF was established as a separate branch of the United States Armed Forces in 1947 with the enactment of the National Security Act of 1947.

United States Air Force
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