Type: Earth Science
Vanguard is a scientific satellite to measure the Earth’s magnetic field, solar X-ray radiation and its effects on the Earth’s atmosphere and the near-Earth micrometeoroid environment.
Cape Canaveral, FL, USA
847 rockets have launched from Cape Canaveral, FL, USA.
Spacecraft: Vanguard 1-3 | Parker Solar Probe
The Navy was competed with the Army to put the first American satellite into orbit. Their first two Vanguard missions failed, with the second being a highly publicized failure, as it exploded on the launchpad. They went on to put 3 satellites into orbit but did not beat the Army to be the first. Their work in space continues today largely on military satellites.