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Vanguard

Vanguard

US Navy

Launch Status
Failure

Mission

Vanguard

Type: Earth Science

The Vanguard satellite was a 13 inch spherical satellite which contained a precise magnetometer to map the Earth’s magnetic field. The satellite was lost together with the Vanguard Balloon when the Vanguard launch vehicle second stage was damaged during staging.

Location

Launch Complex 18A

Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

847 rockets have launched from Cape Canaveral, FL, USA.

Launch Complex 18A, Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

Agency

US Navy

Type: Government
Abbreviation: USN

Founded: 1963
Launchers: None
Spacecraft: Vanguard 1-3 | Parker Solar Probe
Country: USA

The Navy was competed with the Army to put the first American satellite into orbit. Their first two Vanguard missions failed, with the second being a highly publicized failure, as it exploded on the launchpad. They went on to put 3 satellites into orbit but did not beat the Army to be the first. Their work in space continues today largely on military satellites.

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