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Type: Earth Science
Vanguard was an American satellite and the fourth artificial Earth orbital satellite to be launched. It was the first satellite to have solar electric power.
Cape Canaveral, FL, USA
842 rockets have launched from Cape Canaveral, FL, USA.
Spacecraft: Vanguard 1-3 | Parker Solar Probe
The Navy was competed with the Army to put the first American satellite into orbit. Their first two Vanguard missions failed, with the second being a highly publicized failure, as it exploded on the launchpad. They went on to put 3 satellites into orbit but did not beat the Army to be the first. Their work in space continues today largely on military satellites.