Type: Test Flight
First launch of the Tianlong-2 and first launch for the Chinese private company Space Pioneer. It carried a dummy payload and the iTaikong Science cubesat to SSO for technology demonstration and public outreach Earth observation purposes.
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Jiuquan, People’s Republic of China
195 rockets have launched from Jiuquan, People’s Republic of China.
Tianlong-2 – Space Pioneer
- Family: Tianlong
- Length: 32.8 m
- Diameter: 3.35 m
- Launch Mass: 150 T
- Low Earth Orbit Capacity: 2000 kg
The Tianlong-2 was manufactured by Space Pioneer with the first launch on 2023-04-02. Tianlong-2 has 1 successful launches and 0 failed launches with a total of 1 launches. Tianlong-2 is a medium-sized, 3 stage rocket powered by RP-1 and liquid oxygen, with payload capability of 2 tonnes to LEO and 1.5 tonnes to SSO.
Tianlong-2 has a liftoff weight of 150 tonnes, liftoff thrust of 190 tonnes and initially uses 3 YF-102 expander cycle RP-1/LOX engines on the first stage each with a thrust of 63.3 metric tonnes. The second stage uses 1 TH-11 staged combustion RP-1/LOX with a thrust of 30.6 metric tonnes. 7 TH-11 engines will be used for the 1st stage of subsequent vehicles. The third stage uses 1 TH-31 NTO/MMH hypergolic fuel engine with 3000 N thrust and 8 x 150 N RCS thrusters.
The Tianlong-2 is the first Chinese RP-1-fueled private orbital rocket to attempt an orbital flight.
Space Pioneer – SP
- Type: Commercial
- Abbreviation: SP
- Administration: CEO: Kang Yonglai
- Founded: 2015
- Launchers: Tianlong
- Country: CHN
Space Pioneer is a Chinese private space launch company based in Beijing. It was founded in 2015 by Kang Yonglai.