Space Shuttle Endeavour / OV-105
United Space Alliance
Jerry L. Ross
First Flight: 11/27/1985
Last Flight: 4/8/2002
Jerry Lynn Ross is a retired United States Air Force officer and a former NASA astronaut. He is a veteran of seven Space Shuttle missions, making him the joint record holder for most spaceflights (a record he shares with Franklin Chang-Diaz). His papers, photographs and many personal items are in the Barron Hilton Flight and Space Exploration Archives at Purdue University. He was inducted into the Astronaut Hall of Fame during ceremonies in May 2014.
Ross is the author of Spacewalker: My Journey in Space and Faith as NASA's Record-Setting Frequent Flyer (Purdue University Press, 2013) with John Norberg. In March 2014 it was announced "Spacewalker" will be available in a French translation through the specialist aerospace publisher Altipresse.
Fellow astronaut Chris Hadfield describes Ross in his autobiography, An Astronaut's Guide to Life on Earth, as "the embodiment of the trustworthy, loyal, courteous and brave astronaut archetype."
Nancy J. Currie-Gregg
First Flight: 6/21/1993
Last Flight: 3/1/2002
Nancy Jane Currie-Gregg is an engineer, United States Army officer and a NASA astronaut. Currie-Gregg has served in the United States Army for over 22 years and holds the rank of colonel. With NASA, she has participated in four space shuttle missions: STS-57, STS-70, STS-88, and STS109, accruing 1,000 hours in space. She currently holds an appointment as an adjunct associate professor in the Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering at Texas A&M University.
James H. Newman
First Flight: 9/12/1993
Last Flight: 3/1/2002
James Hansen Newman, Ph.D. is an American physicist and a former NASA astronaut who flew on four Space Shuttle missions.
First Flight: 11/26/1988
Last Flight: 4/15/2005
Sergei Konstantinovich Krikalev (Russian: Серге́й Константинович Крикалёв, also transliterated as Sergei Krikalyov; born August 27, 1958) is a Russian cosmonaut and mechanical engineer. As a prominent rocket scientist, he is a veteran of six space flights and ranks third to Gennady Padalka and Yuri Malenchenko for the amount of time in space: a total of 803 days, 9 hours, and 38 minutes.
Robert D. Cabana
First Flight: 10/6/1990
Last Flight: 12/4/1998
Robert Donald Cabana is the director of NASA's John F. Kennedy Space Center, a former NASA astronaut, and a veteran of four Space Shuttle flights. He is also a former naval flight officer and naval aviator in the United States Marine Corps.
Frederick W. Sturckow
First Flight: 12/4/1998
Last Flight: 5/22/2021
Frederick Wilford "Rick" Sturckow is an Engineer, retired United States Marine Corps officer, former NASA astronaut, and commercial spacecraft pilot. Sturckow is a veteran of four Space Shuttle missions. He flew on STS-88 and STS-105 as a pilot and STS-117 and STS-128 as a commander. All four missions docked with the International Space Station, making Sturckow one of two people to visit the station four times. Sturckow later was assigned to the Johnson Space Center as a CAPCOM. He left NASA in 2013 to become a pilot for Virgin Galactic.
Type: Human Exploration
STS-88 was the first Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS). It was flown by Space Shuttle Endeavour, and took the first American module, the Unity node, to the station.
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Launch Complex 39A
Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA
217 rockets have launched from Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA.
Space Shuttle Endeavour OV-105 – Lockheed Martin Space Operations
- Family: Space Shuttle
- Length: 38.1 m
- Diameter: 8.4 m
- Launch Mass: 2040 T
- Low Earth Orbit Capacity: 24400 kg
The Space Shuttle Endeavour OV-105 was manufactured by Lockheed Martin Space Operations with the first launch on 1992-05-07. Space Shuttle Endeavour OV-105 has 25 successful launches and 0 failed launches with a total of 25 launches. Space Shuttle Endeavour (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-105) is a retired orbiter from NASA’s Space Shuttle program and the fifth and final operational Shuttle built.
The United States Congress approved the construction of Endeavour in 1987 to replace Challenger, which was destroyed in 1986.
Structural spares built during the construction of Discovery and Atlantis were used in its assembly. NASA chose, on cost grounds, to build Endeavour from spares rather than refitting Enterprise or accepting a Rockwell International proposal to build two Shuttles for the price of one.
United Space Alliance – USA
- Type: Commercial
- Abbreviation: USA
- Founded: 1995
- Launchers: Space Shuttle
- Country: USA
United Space Alliance (USA) is a spaceflight operations company. USA is a joint venture which was established in August 1995 as a Limited Liability Company (LLC), equally owned by Boeing and Lockheed Martin.