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STS-77

Space Shuttle Endeavour / OV-105

Lockheed Martin Space Operations

Launch Status
Success

Crew

Mario Runco Jr.

Mario Runco Jr.

Status: Retired
1/26/1952 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
First Flight: 11/24/1991
Last Flight: 5/19/1996

Mario Runco Jr. is a former United States Navy officer and NASA astronaut. He is an Earth and planetary physicist.

Curtis Brown

Curtis Brown

Status: Retired
3/11/1956 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
First Flight: 9/12/1992
Last Flight: 12/20/1999

Curtis Lee "Curt" Brown Jr. is a former NASA astronaut and retired United States Air Force colonel.

John Casper

John Casper

Status: Retired
7/9/1943 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
First Flight: 2/28/1990
Last Flight: 5/19/1996

John Howard Casper is an American astronaut and United States Air Force pilot.

Daniel W. Bursch

Daniel W. Bursch

Status: Retired
7/25/1957 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
First Flight: 9/22/1993
Last Flight: 12/5/2001

Daniel Wheeler Bursch is a former NASA astronaut, and Captain of the United States Navy. He had four spaceflights, the first three of which were Space Shuttle missions lasting 10 to 11 days each. His fourth and final spaceflight was a long-duration stay aboard the International Space Station as a crew member of Expedition 4, which lasted from December 2001 to June 2002. This 196-day mission set a new record for the longest duration spaceflight for an American astronaut, a record simultaneously set with his crew mate Carl Walz. Their record has since been broken, and as of 2016 it is held by Scott Kelly, who flew a 340 day mission during Expeditions 43, 44 and 45.

Andy Thomas

Andy Thomas

Status: Retired
12/18/1951 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
First Flight: 5/19/1996
Last Flight: 7/26/2005

Andrew "Andy" Sydney Withiel Thomas, AO is an Australian-born American aerospace engineer and a NASA astronaut. He became a U.S. citizen in December 1986, hoping to gain entry to NASA's astronaut program. He is married to fellow NASA astronaut Shannon Walker.

Marc Garneau

Marc Garneau

Status: Retired
2/23/1949 -
Nationality: Canadian
Type: Government
First Flight: 10/5/1984
Last Flight: 12/1/2000

Garneau was one of the first Canadian Astronauts and he became the first Canadian in outer space in October 1984. In 1984, he was seconded to the new Canadian Astronaut Program (CAP), one of six chosen from over 4,000 applicants. He flew on the shuttle Challenger, STS-41-G from October 5 to 13, 1984, as payload specialist. He was promoted to Captain in 1986, and left the Navy in 1989, to become deputy director of the CAP. In 1992–93, he underwent further training to become a mission specialist. He worked as CAPCOM for a number of shuttle flights and was on two further flights himself: STS-77 (May 19 to 29, 1996) and STS-97 (to the ISS, November 30 to December 11, 2000). He has logged over 677 hours in space.

In February 2001, he was appointed executive vice-president of the Canadian Space Agency, and became its president on November 22, 2001.

Mission

STS-77

STS-77 was the 77th Space Shuttle mission and the 11th mission of the Space Shuttle Endeavour. The mission began from launch pad 39B from Kennedy Space Center, Florida on 19 May 1996 lasting 10 days and 40 minutes and completing 161 revolutions before landing on runway 33.

Mission patch for STS-77

Location

Launch Complex 39B

Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

210 rockets have launched from Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA.

Launch Complex 39B, Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

Rocket

Space Shuttle Endeavour OV-105 – Lockheed Martin Space Operations

Family: Space Shuttle
Length: 38.1 m
Diameter: 8.4 m
Launch Mass: 2040 T
Low Earth Orbit Capacity: 24400 kg

The Space Shuttle Endeavour OV-105 was manufactured by Lockheed Martin Space Operations with the first launch on 1992-05-07. Space Shuttle Endeavour OV-105 has 25 successful launches and 0 failed launches with a total of 25 launches. Space Shuttle Endeavour (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-105) is a retired orbiter from NASA’s Space Shuttle program and the fifth and final operational Shuttle built.
The United States Congress approved the construction of Endeavour in 1987 to replace Challenger, which was destroyed in 1986.
Structural spares built during the construction of Discovery and Atlantis were used in its assembly. NASA chose, on cost grounds, to build Endeavour from spares rather than refitting Enterprise or accepting a Rockwell International proposal to build two Shuttles for the price of one.

Agency

Lockheed Martin Space Operations

Type: Commercial
Abbreviation: LMSO

Country: USA

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