Space Shuttle Endeavour / OV-105
Lockheed Space Operations Company
First Flight: 4/4/1983
Last Flight: 11/19/1996
Franklin Story Musgrave, M.D. is an American physician and a retired NASA astronaut. He is a public speaker and consultant to both Disney's Imagineering group and Applied Minds in California. In 1996 he became only the second astronaut to fly on six spaceflights, and he is the most formally educated astronaut with six academic degrees.
First Flight: 4/12/1985
Last Flight: 2/22/1996
Jeffrey Alan Hoffman is an American former NASA astronaut and currently a professor of aeronautics and astronautics at MIT. Hoffman made five flights as a space shuttle astronaut, including the first mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope in 1993, when the orbiting telescope's flawed optical system was corrected.
Kathryn C. Thornton
First Flight: 11/23/1989
Last Flight: 10/20/1995
Kathryn Ryan Cordell Thornton is an American scientist and a former NASA astronaut with over 975 hours in space, including 21 hours of extravehicular activity. She was the associate dean for graduate programs at the University of Virginia School of Engineering and Applied Science, currently a professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering.
First Flight: 10/6/1990
Last Flight: 9/16/1996
Thomas Dale Akers is a former American astronaut in NASA's Space Shuttle program.
Richard O. Covey
First Flight: 8/27/1985
Last Flight: 12/2/1993
Richard Oswalt Covey is a retired United States Air Force officer and former NASA astronaut.
First Flight: 6/25/1992
Last Flight: 11/23/2002
Kenneth Dwane "Sox" Bowersox is a United States Navy officer, and a former NASA astronaut. He is a veteran of five Space Shuttle launches and an extended stay aboard the International Space Station. When he launched on STS-73 at the age of 38 years and 11 months, he became the youngest person ever to command a Space Shuttle vehicle.
First Flight: 7/31/1992
Last Flight: 12/20/1999
Claude Nicollier is the first astronaut from Switzerland. He has flown on four Space Shuttle missions. His first spaceflight (STS-46) was in 1992, and his final spaceflight (STS-103) was in 1999. He took part in two servicing missions to the Hubble Space Telescope (called STS-61 and STS-103). During his final spaceflight he participated in a spacewalk, becoming the first European Space Agency astronaut to do so during a Space Shuttle mission. In 2000 he was assigned to the Astronaut Office Extravehicular Activity Branch, while maintaining a position as Lead ESA Astronaut in Houston. Nicollier retired from ESA in April 2007.
STS-61 was the first Hubble Space Telescope servicing mission, and the fifth flight of the Space Shuttle Endeavour. The mission launched on 2 December 1993 from Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The mission restored the spaceborne observatory’s vision, marred by spherical aberration, with the installation of a new main camera and a corrective optics package. This correction occurred more than three and a half years after the Hubble was launched aboard STS-31 in April 1990. The flight also brought instrument upgrades and new solar arrays to the telescope.
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Launch Complex 39B
Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA
217 rockets have launched from Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA.
Space Shuttle Endeavour OV-105 – Lockheed Martin Space Operations
- Family: Space Shuttle
- Length: 38.1 m
- Diameter: 8.4 m
- Launch Mass: 2040 T
- Low Earth Orbit Capacity: 24400 kg
The Space Shuttle Endeavour OV-105 was manufactured by Lockheed Martin Space Operations with the first launch on 1992-05-07. Space Shuttle Endeavour OV-105 has 25 successful launches and 0 failed launches with a total of 25 launches. Space Shuttle Endeavour (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-105) is a retired orbiter from NASA’s Space Shuttle program and the fifth and final operational Shuttle built.
The United States Congress approved the construction of Endeavour in 1987 to replace Challenger, which was destroyed in 1986.
Structural spares built during the construction of Discovery and Atlantis were used in its assembly. NASA chose, on cost grounds, to build Endeavour from spares rather than refitting Enterprise or accepting a Rockwell International proposal to build two Shuttles for the price of one.
Lockheed Space Operations Company – LSOC
- Type: Commercial
- Abbreviation: LSOC
- Country: USA