STS-31

Space Shuttle Discovery / OV-103

Lockheed Space Operations Company

Launch Status
Success

Crew

Bruce McCandless II

Bruce McCandless II

Mission Specialist

Status: Deceased
6/8/1937 - 12/21/2017
Nationality: American
Type: Government
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Bruce McCandless II was a U.S. naval officer and aviator, electrical engineer, and NASA astronaut. In 1984, during the first of his two Space Shuttle missions, he made the first untethered free flight by using the Manned Maneuvering Unit.

Steven Hawley

Steven Hawley

Mission Specialist

Status: Retired
12/12/1951 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Steven Alan Hawley is a former NASA astronaut who flew on five U.S. Space Shuttle flights. He is professor of physics and astronomy and director of engineering physics at the University of Kansas.

Following an aborted attempt to launch STS-41-D where two main engines were stopped shortly after they started because the third failed to start, Hawley is reported to have broken the tense atmosphere in the shuttle cabin, saying, "I thought we'd be a lot higher at MECO!"

Kathryn D. Sullivan

Kathryn D. Sullivan

Mission Specialist

Status: Retired
10/3/1951 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Kathryn Dwyer Sullivan is an American geologist and a former NASA astronaut. A crew member on three Space Shuttle missions, she was the first American woman to walk in space on October 11, 1984. She was Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration after being confirmed by the U.S. Senate on March 6, 2014. Sullivan's tenure ended on January 20, 2017 with the swearing in of President Donald Trump. Following completion of her service at NOAA, she was designated as the 2017 Charles A. Lindbergh Chair of Aerospace History at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Air and Space Museum, and has also served as a Senior Fellow at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies.

Charles Bolden

Charles Bolden

Pilot

Status: Retired
8/19/1946 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Charles Frank Bolden Jr. is a former Administrator of NASA, a retired United States Marine Corps Major General, and a former NASA astronaut.

A 1968 graduate of the United States Naval Academy, he became a Marine Aviator and test pilot. After his service as an astronaut, he became Deputy Commandant of Midshipmen at the Naval Academy.

On May 23, 2009, President Barack Obama announced the nomination of Bolden as NASA Administrator and Lori Garver as Deputy NASA Administrator. Bolden was confirmed by the Senate on July 15, 2009. He was the first African American to head the agency on a permanent basis.

On January 12, 2017, Bolden announced his resignation from NASA during a town hall meeting at NASA Headquarters in Washington D.C. His last day would be January 19, and Robert M. Lightfoot Jr. was announced as acting NASA Administrator.

Loren Shriver

Loren Shriver

Commander

Status: Retired
9/23/1944 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Loren James Shriver is a former NASA astronaut, aviator, and a retired US Air Force Colonel.

Mission

STS-31

Type: Astrophysics

STS-31 was the thirty-fifth mission of the space shuttle program. Discovery's tenth mission deployed the Hubble Space Telescope.

Location

Launch Complex 39B

Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

182 launches have been at this location.

Launch Complex 39B, Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

Rocket

Space Shuttle Discovery OV-103

Length: 38.1 meters
Diameter: 8.4 meters
First Launched: August 30, 1984

Space Shuttle Discovery is one of the orbiters from NASA’s Space Shuttle program and the third of five fully operational orbiters to be built. Its first mission, STS-41-D, flew from August 30 to September 5, 1984. Over 27 years of service it launched and landed 39 times, gathering more spaceflights than any other spacecraft to date.

The Space Shuttle Discovery OV-103 rocket has been launched a total of 38 times with 38 successful and 0 failed launches.

Agency

Lockheed Space Operations Company

Type: Commercial
Abbreviation: LSOC
Administration:
Founded:
Launchers:
Spacecraft:
Country: USA

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