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STS-75

Space Shuttle Columbia / OV-102

Lockheed Martin Space Operations

Launch Status
Success

Crew

Jeffrey Hoffman

Jeffrey Hoffman

Mission Specialist

Status: Retired
11/2/1944 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
First Flight: 4/12/1985
Last Flight: 2/22/1996

Jeffrey Alan Hoffman is an American former NASA astronaut and currently a professor of aeronautics and astronautics at MIT. Hoffman made five flights as a space shuttle astronaut, including the first mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope in 1993, when the orbiting telescope's flawed optical system was corrected.

Franklin Chang Díaz

Franklin Chang Díaz

Mission Specialist

Status: Retired
4/5/1950 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
First Flight: 1/12/1986
Last Flight: 6/5/2002

Franklin Ramón Chang Díaz is a Costa Rican Chinese American mechanical engineer, physicist, former NASA astronaut. He is the founder and current CEO of Ad Astra Rocket Company as well as a member of Cummins' board of directors. He became an American citizen in 1977. He is of Chinese (paternal side) and Costa Rican Spanish (maternal side) descent. He is a veteran of seven Space Shuttle missions, tieing the record, as of 2018 for the most spaceflights (a record set by Jerry L. Ross). He was the third Latin American, but the first Latin American immigrant NASA Astronaut selected to go into space. Chang Díaz is a member of the NASA Astronaut Hall of Fame.

Claude Nicollier

Claude Nicollier

Mission Specialist

Status: Retired
9/2/1944 -
Nationality: Swiss
Type: Government
First Flight: 7/31/1992
Last Flight: 12/20/1999

Claude Nicollier is the first astronaut from Switzerland. He has flown on four Space Shuttle missions. His first spaceflight (STS-46) was in 1992, and his final spaceflight (STS-103) was in 1999. He took part in two servicing missions to the Hubble Space Telescope (called STS-61 and STS-103). During his final spaceflight he participated in a spacewalk, becoming the first European Space Agency astronaut to do so during a Space Shuttle mission. In 2000 he was assigned to the Astronaut Office Extravehicular Activity Branch, while maintaining a position as Lead ESA Astronaut in Houston. Nicollier retired from ESA in April 2007.

Andrew M. Allen

Andrew M. Allen

Commander

Status: Retired
8/4/1955 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
First Flight: 7/31/1992
Last Flight: 2/22/1996

Andrew Michael "Andy" Allen is a retired American astronaut. A former Marine aviator and lieutenant colonel, he worked as a test pilot before joining NASA in 1987. He flew three Space Shuttle missions before retiring in 1997.

Scott Horowitz

Scott Horowitz

Pilot

Status: Retired
3/24/1957 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
First Flight: 2/22/1996
Last Flight: 8/10/2001

Scott Jay "Doc" Horowitz is a retired American astronaut and a veteran of four space shuttle missions. Horowitz was selected as an astronaut candidate by NASA in 1992, and piloted missions STS-75 (1996), STS-82 (1997) and STS-101 (2000). He commanded mission STS-105 (2001), a visit to the International Space Station for equipment and crew transfer.

Maurizio Cheli

Maurizio Cheli

Mission Specialist

Status: Retired
5/4/1959 -
Nationality: Italian
Type: Government
First Flight: 2/22/1996
Last Flight: 2/22/1996

Maurizio Cheli (born 4 May 1959) is an Italian air force officer, a European Space Agency astronaut and a veteran of one NASA space shuttle mission.

He trained with the United States Air Force and was selected as an astronaut candidate by the European Space Agency in 1992. He holds the rank of lieutenant colonel in the Italian Air Force. He flew aboard STS-75 in 1996 as a mission specialist.

Umberto Guidoni

Umberto Guidoni

Payload Specialist

Status: Retired
8/18/1954 -
Nationality: Italian
Type: Government
First Flight: 2/22/1996
Last Flight: 4/19/2001

Umberto Guidoni (born 18 August 1954 in Rome) is an Italian astrophysicist, science writer and a former ESA astronaut, being the first European to visit the International Space Station. He is a veteran of two NASA space shuttle missions.

Mission

STS-75

Location

Launch Complex 39B

Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

185 rockets have launched from Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA.

Launch Complex 39B, Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

Rocket

Space Shuttle Columbia OV-102

Length: 38.1 meters
Diameter: 8.4 meters
First Launch: April 12, 1981

Space Shuttle Columbia was the first space-rated orbiter in NASA’s Space Shuttle fleet. It launched for the first time on mission STS-1 on April 12, 1981, the first flight of the Space Shuttle program. Over 22 years of service it completed 27 missions before disintegrating during re-entry near the end of its 28th mission, STS-107 on February 1, 2003, resulting in the deaths of all seven crew members.

The Space Shuttle Columbia OV-102 rocket has been launched a total of 30 times with 29 successful and 1 failed launches.

Agency

Lockheed Martin Space Operations

Type: Commercial
Abbreviation: LMSO

Country: USA

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