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STS-55

Space Shuttle Columbia / OV-102

Lockheed Space Operations Company

Launch Status
Success

Crew

Jerry L. Ross

Jerry L. Ross

Mission Specialist

Status: Retired
1/20/1948 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
First Flight: 11/27/1985
Last Flight: 4/8/2002

Jerry Lynn Ross is a retired United States Air Force officer and a former NASA astronaut. He is a veteran of seven Space Shuttle missions, making him the joint record holder for most spaceflights (a record he shares with Franklin Chang-Diaz). His papers, photographs and many personal items are in the Barron Hilton Flight and Space Exploration Archives at Purdue University. He was inducted into the Astronaut Hall of Fame during ceremonies in May 2014.

Ross is the author of Spacewalker: My Journey in Space and Faith as NASA's Record-Setting Frequent Flyer (Purdue University Press, 2013) with John Norberg. In March 2014 it was announced "Spacewalker" will be available in a French translation through the specialist aerospace publisher Altipresse.

Fellow astronaut Chris Hadfield describes Ross in his autobiography, An Astronaut's Guide to Life on Earth, as "the embodiment of the trustworthy, loyal, courteous and brave astronaut archetype."

Steven R. Nagel

Steven R. Nagel

Commander

Status: Deceased
10/27/1946 - 8/21/2014
Nationality: American
Type: Government
First Flight: 6/17/1985
Last Flight: 4/26/1993

Steven Ray Nagel was an American astronaut, aeronautical and mechanical engineer, test pilot, and a United States Air Force pilot.

Terence Henricks

Terence Henricks

Pilot

Status: Retired
7/5/1952 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
First Flight: 11/24/1991
Last Flight: 6/20/1996

Terence Thomas "Tom" Henricks is a retired colonel in the United States Air Force and a former NASA astronaut. Selected by NASA in June 1985, Henricks became an astronaut in July 1986 and served on four Space Shuttle missions.

Charles J. Precourt

Charles J. Precourt

Mission Specialist

Status: Retired
6/29/1955 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
First Flight: 4/26/1993
Last Flight: 6/2/1998

Charles Joseph Precourt is a retired NASA astronaut. His career in flight began at an early age, and spans his entire lifetime. He served in the US Air Force, piloted numerous jet aircraft, and piloted and commanded the Space Shuttle. Notably, he piloted or commanded several missions which involved docking with the Russian Mir space station and was heavily involved in Russian/US Space relations as well as the International Space Station collaboration. He retired from the USAF with the rank of Colonel.

Bernard Harris

Bernard Harris

Mission Specialist

Status: Retired
6/26/1956 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
First Flight: 4/26/1993
Last Flight: 2/3/1995

Bernard Anthony Harris Jr. is a former NASA astronaut. On February 9, 1995, Harris became the first African American to perform an extra-vehicular activity (spacewalk), during the second of his two Space Shuttle flights.

Ulrich Walter

Ulrich Walter

Payload Specialist

Status: Retired
2/9/1954 -
Nationality: German
Type: Government
First Flight: 4/26/1993
Last Flight: 4/26/1993

Prof. Dr. Ulrich Hans Walter (born February 9, 1954) is a German physicist/engineer and a former DFVLR astronaut.
In 1993, he flew on board the Space Shuttle Columbia on mission STS-55 (Spacelab D-2) as a Payload Specialist. He spent 9 days, 23 hours, and 40 minutes in space.

Hans Schlegel

Hans Schlegel

Payload Specialist

Status: Retired
8/3/1951 -
Nationality: German
Type: Government
First Flight: 4/26/1993
Last Flight: 2/7/2008

Hans Wilhelm Schlegel (Überlingen, 3 August 1951) is a German physicist, an ESA astronaut, and a veteran of two NASA Space Shuttle missions.
From 1995 to 1997, he trained as the backup crew member for the German-Russian Mir'97 mission, and afterwards received additional training in Russia to become qualified as a second board engineer for the Mir space station. In 1998, he became a member of the European Astronaut Corps.

Schlegel was a Mission Specialist on the STS-122 Space Shuttle mission. The mission was charged with the responsibility of putting the Columbus laboratory in orbit, in addition to its connection to the International Space Station.

Mission

STS-55

Location

Launch Complex 39A

Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

185 rockets have launched from Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA.

Launch Complex 39A, Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

Rocket

Space Shuttle Columbia OV-102

Length: 38.1 meters
Diameter: 8.4 meters
First Launch: April 12, 1981

Space Shuttle Columbia was the first space-rated orbiter in NASA’s Space Shuttle fleet. It launched for the first time on mission STS-1 on April 12, 1981, the first flight of the Space Shuttle program. Over 22 years of service it completed 27 missions before disintegrating during re-entry near the end of its 28th mission, STS-107 on February 1, 2003, resulting in the deaths of all seven crew members.

The Space Shuttle Columbia OV-102 rocket has been launched a total of 30 times with 29 successful and 1 failed launches.

Agency

Lockheed Space Operations Company

Type: Commercial
Abbreviation: LSOC

Country: USA

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