STS-51-F

Space Shuttle Challenger / OV-099

Lockheed Space Operations Company

Launch Status
Success

Crew

Story Musgrave

Story Musgrave

Mission Specialist

Status: Retired
8/19/1935 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Franklin Story Musgrave, M.D. is an American physician and a retired NASA astronaut. He is a public speaker[2] and consultant to both Disney's Imagineering group and Applied Minds in California. In 1996 he became only the second astronaut to fly on six spaceflights, and he is the most formally educated astronaut with six academic degrees.

C. Gordon Fullerton

C. Gordon Fullerton

Commander

Status: Deceased
10/11/1936 - 8/21/2013
Nationality: American
Type: Government
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Charles Gordon Fullerton was a United States Air Force colonel, a USAF and NASA astronaut, and a research pilot at NASA's Dryden Flight Research Facility, Edwards, California.[1] His assignments included a variety of flight research and support activities piloting NASA's B-52 launch aircraft, the Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA), and other multi-engine and high performance aircraft. Fullerton, who logged more than 380 hours in space flight, was a NASA astronaut from September 1969 until November 1986 when he joined the research pilot office at Dryden. In July 1988, he completed a 30-year career with the U.S. Air Force and retired as a colonel. He continued in his position of NASA research pilot as a civilian. Fullerton and his wife and their two children lived in Lancaster, California.

Roy D. Bridges Jr.

Roy D. Bridges Jr.

Pilot

Status: Retired
7/19/1943 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Roy Dubard Bridges Jr. is an American pilot, engineer, retired United States Air Force officer, test pilot, former NASA astronaut and the former Director of NASA's John F. Kennedy Space Center and Langley Research Center. As a command pilot, he has over 4,460 flying hours.

Karl Henize

Karl Henize

Mission Specialist

Status: Deceased
10/17/1926 - 10/5/1993
Nationality: American
Type: Government
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Karl Gordon Henize, Ph.D. was an American astronomer, space scientist, NASA astronaut, and professor at Northwestern University. Henize was selected as a scientist-astronaut by NASA in August 1967. Henize was a mission specialist on the Spacelab-2 mission (STS-51-F) which launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on July 29, 1985.

He died in 1993, during a Mount Everest expedition. The purpose of this expedition was to test for NASA a meter called a Tissue Equivalent Proportional Counter (TEPC): testing at different altitudes (17,000 ft, 19,000 ft and 21,000 ft) would reveal how people’s bodies would be affected, including the way bodily tissues behaved, when struck by radiation, and this was important for the planning of long duration space missions.

Anthony W. England

Anthony W. England

Mission Specialist

Status: Retired
5/15/1942 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Anthony Wayne England better known as Tony England, is an American, former NASA astronaut. Selected in 1967, England was among a group of astronauts who served as backups during the Apollo and Skylab programs. Like most others in his class, he flew during the Space Shuttle program, serving as a mission specialist on STS-51F in 1985. He has logged more than 3,000 hours of flying time and 188 hours in space.

England helped develop and use radars to probe the Moon on Apollo 17 and glaciers in Washington and Alaska. He participated in and led field parties during two seasons in Antarctica.

Loren Acton

Loren Acton

Payload Specialist

Status: Retired
3/7/1936 -
Nationality: American
Type: Payload Specialist
Agency: Lockheed Martin

Loren Wilber Acton (born March 7, 1936) is an American physicist who flew on Space Shuttle mission STS-51-F as a Payload Specialist for the Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory.

John-David F. Bartoe

John-David F. Bartoe

Payload Specialist

Status: Retired
11/17/1944 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
Agency: US Navy

John-David Francis Bartoe (born November 17, 1944 in Abington, Pennsylvania) is an American astrophysicist. He is the Research Manager for the International Space Station (ISS) at NASA's Johnson Space Center. He provides oversight for the Program Manager concerning the research capability, research hardware, and research plans of the ISS. As a civilian employee of the US Navy, he flew aboard Space Shuttle mission STS-51-F as a Payload Specialist.

Mission

STS-51-F

Location

Launch Complex 39A

Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

182 launches have been at this location.

Launch Complex 39A, Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

Rocket

Space Shuttle Challenger OV-099

Length: 38.1 meters
Diameter: 8.4 meters
First Launched: April 4, 1983

Space Shuttle Challenger was the second orbiter of NASA’s space shuttle program to be put into service following Columbia. Its maiden flight, STS-6, started on April 4, 1983. It launched and landed nine times before breaking apart 73 seconds into its tenth mission, STS-51-L, on January 28, 1986, resulting in the death of all seven crew members, including a civilian school teacher. It was the first of two shuttles to be destroyed in flight, the other being Columbia in 2003.

The Space Shuttle Challenger OV-099 rocket has been launched a total of 10 times with 9 successful and 1 failed launches.

Agency

Lockheed Space Operations Company

Type: Commercial
Abbreviation: LSOC
Administration:
Founded:
Launchers:
Spacecraft:
Country: USA

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