Soyuz TM-10

Soyuz-U2

Soviet Space Program

Launch Status
Success

Crew

Gennadi Strekalov

Gennadi Strekalov

Flight Engineer

Status: Deceased
10/26/1940 - 12/25/2004
Nationality: Russian
Type: Government
Agency: Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

Gennadi Mikhailovich Strekalov (Russian: Генна́дий Миха́йлович Стрека́лов; October 26, 1940 – December 25, 2004) was an engineer, cosmonaut, and administrator at Russian aerospace firm RSC Energia. He flew into space five times and lived aboard the Salyut-6, Salyut-7, and Mir space stations, spending over 268 days in space. The catastrophic explosion of a Soyuz rocket in 1983 led to him being one of only two people to use a launch escape system.

Gennadi Manakov

Gennadi Manakov

Commander

Status: Deceased
6/1/1950 - 9/26/2019
Nationality: Russian
Type: Government
Agency: Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

Gennadi Mikhailovich Manakov is a former cosmonaut who commanded two Soyuz flights.
He was selected on 2 September 1985 and flew as Commander on Soyuz TM-10 and Soyuz TM-16, retiring on 20 December 1996.

Mission

Soyuz TM-10

Type: Human Exploration

Soyuz TM-10 was the tenth mission and the seventh long-duration expedition to Mir space station. The mission began on August 1, 1990, 09:32:21 UTC, launching Commander Gennadi Manakov and Flight Engineer Gennadi Strekalov into orbit. They docked with Mir two days later. During their stay there, cosmonauts performed an EVA, various station repair and maintenance tasks, and carried out scientific experiments in biology, geophysics, space technology, astronomy etc. They were visited by a Progress M-5 resupply spacecraft and Soyuz TM-11 expedition. The mission concluded with a safe landing back on Earth on December 10, 1990, 06:08:12 UTC.

Location

1/5

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

465 launches have been at this location.

1/5, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Rocket

Soyuz-U

Length: 34.54 meters
Diameter: 2.95 meters
First Launched: December 23, 1982

The Soyuz-U2 was a Soviet, later Russian, carrier rocket. It was derived from the Soyuz-U, and a member of the R-7 family of rockets. It featured increased performance compared with the baseline Soyuz-U, due to the use of syntin propellant, as opposed to RP-1 paraffin, used on the Soyuz-U.

The Soyuz-U rocket has been launched a total of 63 times with 63 successful and 0 failed launches.

Agency

Soviet Space Program

Type: Government
Abbreviation: CCCP
Administration:
Founded: 1931
Launchers:
Spacecraft:
Country: RUS

The Soviet space program, was the national space program of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) actived from 1930s until disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991.

The Soviet Union's space program was mainly based on the cosmonautic exploration of space and the development of the expandable launch vehicles, which had been split between many design bureaus competing against each other. Over its 60-years of history, the Russian program was responsible for a number of pioneering feats and accomplishments in the human space flight, including the first intercontinental ballistic missile (R-7), first satellite (Sputnik 1), first animal in Earth orbit (the dog Laika on Sputnik 2), first human in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1), first woman in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova on Vostok 6), first spacewalk (cosmonaut Alexei Leonov on Voskhod 2), first Moon impact (Luna 2), first image of the far side of the Moon (Luna 3) and unmanned lunar soft landing (Luna 9), first space rover (Lunokhod 1), first sample of lunar soil automatically extracted and brought to Earth (Luna 16), and first space station (Salyut 1). Further notable records included the first interplanetary probes: Venera 1 and Mars 1 to fly by Venus and Mars, respectively, Venera 3 and Mars 2 to impact the respective planet surface, and Venera 7 and Mars 3 to make soft landings on these planets.

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