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Soyuz TM-31


Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

Launch Status


Yuri Gidzenko

Yuri Gidzenko

Status: Retired
3/26/1962 -
Nationality: Russian
Type: Government
First Flight: 9/3/1995
Last Flight: 4/25/2002

Yuri Pavlovich Gidzenko (Russian: Гидзенко, Юрий Павлович; born March 26, 1962) is a Russian cosmonaut. He was a test cosmonaut of the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center (TsPK). Gidzenko has flown into space three times and has lived on board the Mir and International Space Stations. He has also conducted two career spacewalks. Although he retired on July 15, 2001, he continued his employment by a special contract until Soyuz TM-34 concluded.

William Shepherd

William Shepherd

Status: Retired
7/26/1949 -
Nationality: American
Type: Government
First Flight: 12/2/1988
Last Flight: 10/31/2000

William McMichael "Bill" Shepherd is an American former Navy SEAL, aerospace, ocean, and mechanical engineer, and NASA astronaut who served as Commander of Expedition 1, the first crew on the International Space Station. He is also a recipient of the Congressional Space Medal of Honor.

Sergei Krikalev

Sergei Krikalev

Status: Retired
8/27/1958 -
Nationality: Russian
Type: Government
First Flight: 11/26/1988
Last Flight: 4/15/2005

Sergei Konstantinovich Krikalev (Russian: Серге́й Константинович Крикалёв, also transliterated as Sergei Krikalyov; born August 27, 1958) is a Russian cosmonaut and mechanical engineer. As a prominent rocket scientist, he is a veteran of six space flights and ranks third to Gennady Padalka and Yuri Malenchenko for the amount of time in space: a total of 803 days, 9 hours, and 38 minutes.


Soyuz TM-31

Type: Human Exploration

Soyuz TM-31 began Expedition 1 by carrying 3 cosmonauts and astronauts to the International Space Station.
Russian Commander, cosmonaut Yuri Gidzenko alongside Flight Engineer, Sergei Krikalev and Flight Engineer/Spaceflight Participant William Shepherd launched aboard the Soyuz spacecraft on October 31, 2000, 07:52:47 UTC. They docked with the station two days later. During their stay there, crew performed first maintenance and repair works, carried out first experiments and conducted several EVAs. They were also visited by several Progress resupply spacecrafts and STS-97 and STS-98 crews, and welcomed aboart STS-102 with the next expedition crew.
Expedition 1 returned with STS-102, landing safely back on Earth on 21 March 2001, 07:33:06 UTC.


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Mission patch for Soyuz TM-31



Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

1543 rockets have launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan.

1/5, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan


Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS) – RFSA

  • Type: Government
  • Abbreviation: RFSA
  • Administration: Administrator: Yuri Borisov
  • Founded: 1992
  • Launchers: Soyuz
  • Spacecraft: Soyuz
  • Country: RUS

The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, commonly known as Roscosmos, is the governmental body responsible for the space science program of the Russian Federation and general aerospace research. Soyuz has many launch locations the Russian sites are Baikonur, Plesetsk and Vostochny however Ariane also purchases the vehicle and launches it from French Guiana.

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