Soyuz 24

Soyuz-U

Soviet Space Program

Launch Status
Success

Crew

Viktor Gorbatko

Viktor Gorbatko

Commander

Status: Deceased
12/3/1934 - 5/17/2017
Nationality: Russian
Type: Government
Agency: Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

Viktor Vasilyevich Gorbatko (Russian: Ви́ктор Васи́льевич Горба́тко; December 3, 1934 – May 17, 2017) was a Soviet cosmonaut who flew on the Soyuz 7, Soyuz 24, and Soyuz 37 missions.

Yury Glazkov

Yury Glazkov

Flight Engineer

Status: Deceased
10/2/1939 - 12/9/2008
Nationality: Russian
Type: Government
Agency: Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

Yury Nikolayevich Glazkov (Russian: Ю́рий Никола́евич Глазко́в; 2 October 1939 – 9 December 2008) was a Soviet Air Force officer and a cosmonaut. Glazkov held the rank of major general in the Russian Air Force.

Mission

Soyuz 24

Type: Human Exploration

Soyuz 24 was the last crewed flight to the Salyut 5 military space station. The mission began on February 7, 1977, 16:11 UTC, launching Commander Viktor Gorbatko and Flight Engineer Yuri Glazkov into orbit. They docked with the station the next day, where they partially replaced station's atmosphere, as it was presumed that toxic fumes contributed to deteriorated health of the Soyuz 21 crew. Gorbatko and Glazkov fininshed the research started by the previous expedition. This was the final flight to a military Salyut station and the final all-military crew to be launched by Soviets. Soyuz 24 returned to Earth with a safe landing on February 25, 1977, 09:38 UTC.

Location

1/5

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

465 launches have been at this location.

1/5, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Rocket

Soyuz U

Length: 51.1 meters
Diameter: 2.95 meters
First Launched: January 18, 2021

The Soyuz U rocket has been launched a total of 166 times with 163 successful and 3 failed launches.

Agency

Soviet Space Program

Type: Government
Abbreviation: CCCP
Administration:
Founded: 1931
Launchers:
Spacecraft:
Country: RUS

The Soviet space program, was the national space program of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) actived from 1930s until disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991.

The Soviet Union's space program was mainly based on the cosmonautic exploration of space and the development of the expandable launch vehicles, which had been split between many design bureaus competing against each other. Over its 60-years of history, the Russian program was responsible for a number of pioneering feats and accomplishments in the human space flight, including the first intercontinental ballistic missile (R-7), first satellite (Sputnik 1), first animal in Earth orbit (the dog Laika on Sputnik 2), first human in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1), first woman in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova on Vostok 6), first spacewalk (cosmonaut Alexei Leonov on Voskhod 2), first Moon impact (Luna 2), first image of the far side of the Moon (Luna 3) and unmanned lunar soft landing (Luna 9), first space rover (Lunokhod 1), first sample of lunar soil automatically extracted and brought to Earth (Luna 16), and first space station (Salyut 1). Further notable records included the first interplanetary probes: Venera 1 and Mars 1 to fly by Venus and Mars, respectively, Venera 3 and Mars 2 to impact the respective planet surface, and Venera 7 and Mars 3 to make soft landings on these planets.

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