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Yantar-4K2M 1


Russian Space Forces

Launch Status


Yantar-4K2M 1

Type: Government/Top Secret

Film-return reconnaisance satellite. Maneuvered on October 1 to a 213 x 330 km orbit. Believed to be an improved Yantar-4K1 with a longer lifetime – and given the code name ‘Kobalt’ previously applied to the defunct Yantar-4K2 system. When re-entry was commanded after only 107 days in orbit, there was speculation that problems had arisen with the satellite. Sources claimed the satellite had some kind of control problem, which was brought under control, and the two smaller film return capsules were successfully returned.


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Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation

1659 rockets have launched from Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation.

16/2, Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation


Soyuz-U-PVB – Progress Rocket Space Center

  • Family: Soyuz
  • Length: 51 m
  • Diameter: 3 m
  • Launch Mass: 313 T
  • Low Earth Orbit Capacity: 6900 kg

The Soyuz-U-PVB was manufactured by Progress Rocket Space Center with the first launch on 1984-03-21. Soyuz-U-PVB has 72 successful launches and 2 failed launches with a total of 74 launches. A Russian orbital launch vehicle. A version of the Soyuz-U with safety modifications to prevent and resist fires in all stages and the upper stage avionics compartment.


Russian Space Forces – VKS

  • Type: Government
  • Abbreviation: VKS
  • Administration: Commander: Aleksandr Golovko
  • Founded: 1992
  • Country: RUS

The Russian Space Forces are a branch of the Russian Aerospace Forces, that provides aerospace warning, air sovereignty, and protection for Russia. Having been reestablished following August 1, 2015 merger between the Russian Air Force and the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces after a 2011 dissolving of the branch. The Russian Space Forces were originally formed on August 10, 1992 and the creation of the Russian Armed Forces.

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