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Foton-M No. 1


Russian Space Forces

Launch Status


Foton-M No. 1

Type: Earth Science

Foton-M No.1 was a mission by the European Space Agency aboard a Russian Soyuz-U rocket that failed to launch successfully. The spacecraft’s payload consisted of 44 experiments prepared by the European Space Agency, Fluidpac, BIOPAN-4, Telescience Support Unit, and others. Investigation found that the most likely cause of the failure was debris being ingested into the Blok D hydrogen peroxide pump, cutting off the supply of lubricant to the turbopumps. This was the first failure of an R-7 launch vehicle in the first two minutes of launch since 1988.


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43/3 (43L)

Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation

1663 rockets have launched from Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation.

43/3 (43L), Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation


Russian Space Forces – VKS

  • Type: Government
  • Abbreviation: VKS
  • Administration: Commander: Aleksandr Golovko
  • Founded: 1992
  • Country: RUS

The Russian Space Forces are a branch of the Russian Aerospace Forces, that provides aerospace warning, air sovereignty, and protection for Russia. Having been reestablished following August 1, 2015 merger between the Russian Air Force and the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces after a 2011 dissolving of the branch. The Russian Space Forces were originally formed on August 10, 1992 and the creation of the Russian Armed Forces.

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