Cluster Salsa & Samba
Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)
Cluster Salsa & Samba
Type: Earth Science
Cluster is an magnetospheric research project, consisting of a constellation of four identical satellites. Part of the first Cornerstone Mission in the European Space Agency’s long-term space science programme, the Cluster II satellites were built to replace the original Cluster mission, which was aborted after Ariane-5G’s maiden flight in June 1996 failed to launch the satellites. The mission’s objective is to research the Earth’s magnetosphere and its interaction with the solar winds, via four identical satellites flying in formation which take simultaneous measurements to provide the most detailed three-dimensional study of changes and processes taking place in near-Earth space. The four satellites were launched in 2000 on two Soyuz-U Fregat rockets.
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Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan
1540 rockets have launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan.
Soyuz-U-PVB – Progress Rocket Space Center
- Family: Soyuz
- Length: 51 m
- Diameter: 3 m
- Launch Mass: 313 T
- Low Earth Orbit Capacity: 6900 kg
The Soyuz-U-PVB was manufactured by Progress Rocket Space Center with the first launch on 1984-03-21. Soyuz-U-PVB has 72 successful launches and 2 failed launches with a total of 74 launches. A Russian orbital launch vehicle. A version of the Soyuz-U with safety modifications to prevent and resist fires in all stages and the upper stage avionics compartment.
Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS) – RFSA
- Type: Government
- Abbreviation: RFSA
- Administration: Administrator: Yuri Borisov
- Founded: 1992
- Launchers: Soyuz
- Spacecraft: Soyuz
- Country: RUS
The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, commonly known as Roscosmos, is the governmental body responsible for the space science program of the Russian Federation and general aerospace research. Soyuz has many launch locations the Russian sites are Baikonur, Plesetsk and Vostochny however Ariane also purchases the vehicle and launches it from French Guiana.