Soyuz 14

Soyuz

Soviet Space Program

Launch Status
Success

Crew

Pavel Popovich

Pavel Popovich

Commander

Status: Deceased
10/5/1930 - 9/29/2009
Nationality: Ukrainian
Type: Government
Agency: Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

Pavel Romanovich Popovich (October 5, 1930 – September 29, 2009) was a Soviet cosmonaut.

He was the fourth cosmonaut in space, the sixth person in orbit, and the eighth person in space.

Yury Artyukhin

Yury Artyukhin

Flight Engineer

Status: Deceased
6/22/1930 - 8/4/1998
Nationality: Russian
Type: Government
Agency: Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

Yury Petrovich Artyukhin (Russian: Ю́рий Петро́вич Артю́хин; June 22, 1930 – August 4, 1998) was a Soviet Russian cosmonaut and engineer who made a single flight into space.

Artyukhin graduated from the Soviet Air Force Institute with a doctorate in engineering, specializing in military communication systems. He was selected for the space programme in 1963 and would have flown on the Voskhod 3 mission had it not been canceled. He made his single flight on Soyuz 14 in 1974, where his area of expertise was presumably put to good use.

He left the space programme in 1982 and held various positions in space-related fields. Most notably, he was involved in the development of the Soviet space shuttle Buran and in cosmonaut training.

Mission

Soyuz 14

Type: Human Exploration

Soyuz 14 was the first crewed mission to the Salyut 3 space station. The mission launched on July 3, 1974, 18:51:08 UTC, carrying commander Pavel Popovich and flight engineer Yuri Artykhin to orbit. During their 15-day stay on the station, crew performed experiments involving medical studies and military reconnaissance activities. Soyuz 14 returned to Earth, landing on July 19, 1974, 12:21:36 UTC.

Location

1/5

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

465 launches have been at this location.

1/5, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Rocket

Soyuz

Length: meters
Diameter: meters
First Launched: December 5, 2020

The Soyuz rocket has been launched a total of 32 times with 30 successful and 2 failed launches.

Agency

Soviet Space Program

Type: Government
Abbreviation: CCCP
Administration:
Founded: 1931
Launchers:
Spacecraft:
Country: RUS

The Soviet space program, was the national space program of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) actived from 1930s until disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991.

The Soviet Union's space program was mainly based on the cosmonautic exploration of space and the development of the expandable launch vehicles, which had been split between many design bureaus competing against each other. Over its 60-years of history, the Russian program was responsible for a number of pioneering feats and accomplishments in the human space flight, including the first intercontinental ballistic missile (R-7), first satellite (Sputnik 1), first animal in Earth orbit (the dog Laika on Sputnik 2), first human in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1), first woman in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova on Vostok 6), first spacewalk (cosmonaut Alexei Leonov on Voskhod 2), first Moon impact (Luna 2), first image of the far side of the Moon (Luna 3) and unmanned lunar soft landing (Luna 9), first space rover (Lunokhod 1), first sample of lunar soil automatically extracted and brought to Earth (Luna 16), and first space station (Salyut 1). Further notable records included the first interplanetary probes: Venera 1 and Mars 1 to fly by Venus and Mars, respectively, Venera 3 and Mars 2 to impact the respective planet surface, and Venera 7 and Mars 3 to make soft landings on these planets.

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