Remove Ads

GVM Oblik

Soyuz 2.1a

Russian Space Forces

Launch Status


GVM Oblik

Type: Government/Top Secret

Oblik-Dummy was Zenit-8 (Oblik) spy sat, which has been in storage long beyond its service live and was converted to an instrumented dummy payload for the maiden launch of the new Soyuz-2-1a launch vehicle. The photographic equipment was removed and the vehicle was fitted with vibration and thermal sensors designed to measure the launch environment of the new launch vehicle.


43/4 (43R)

Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation

1651 rockets have launched from Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation.

43/4 (43R), Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation


Russian Space Forces

Type: Government
Abbreviation: VKS
Administration: Aleksandr Golovko
Founded: 1992

Country: RUS

The Russian Space Forces are a branch of the Russian Aerospace Forces, that provides aerospace warning, air sovereignty, and protection for Russia. Having been reestablished following August 1, 2015 merger between the Russian Air Force and the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces after a 2011 dissolving of the branch. The Russian Space Forces were originally formed on August 10, 1992 and the creation of the Russian Armed Forces.

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments