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ESRO 1B (Boreas)

Scout B

European Space Research Organisation

Launch Status
Success

Mission

ESRO 1B (Boreas)

Type: Earth Science

ESRO-1B / Boreas (European Space Research Organisation) was a 80 kg, cylindrically shaped, solar-cell-powered spacecraft instrumented with seven scientific experiments chosen to measure a comprehensive range of auroral effects.

Location

Space Launch Complex 5

Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

707 rockets have launched from Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA.

Space Launch Complex 5, Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

Rocket

Scout B – Vought

Family: Scout
Length: 25 m
Diameter: 1.01 m
Launch Mass: 17 T
Low Earth Orbit Capacity: 143 kg

The Scout B was manufactured by Vought with the first launch on 1965-08-10. Scout B has 21 successful launches and 2 failed launches with a total of 23 launches. The Scout family of rockets were were American launch vehicles designed to place small satellites into orbit around the Earth. The Scout multistage rocket was the first orbital launch vehicle to be entirely composed of solid fuel stages.

Agency

European Space Research Organisation

Type: Multinational
Abbreviation: ESRO

Founded: 1964

Country: EUR

The European Space Research Organisation (ESRO) was an international organisation founded by 10 European nations with the intention of jointly pursuing scientific research in space. It was founded in 1964. As an organisation ESRO was based on a previously existing international scientific institution, CERN. The ESRO convention, the organisations founding document outlines it as an entity exclusively devoted to scientific pursuits. This was the case for most of its lifetime but in the final years before the formation of ESA, the European Space Agency, ESRO began a programme in the field of telecommunications.

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