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Mercury-Redstone 4

Redstone MRLV

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Launch Status
Success

Crew

Gus Grissom

Gus Grissom

Pilot

Status: Lost In Training
4/3/1926 - 1/27/1967
Nationality: American
Type: Government
First Flight: 7/21/1961
Last Flight: 3/23/1965

Lieutenant Colonel Virgil Ivan "Gus" Grissom was one of the seven original National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Project Mercury astronauts, and the first of the Mercury Seven to die. He was also a Project Gemini and an Apollo program astronaut. Grissom was the second American to fly in space, and the first member of the NASA Astronaut Corps to fly in space twice. In addition, Grissom was a World War II and Korean War veteran, U.S. Air Force test pilot, and a mechanical engineer. He was a recipient of the Distinguished Flying Cross, and the Air Medal with an oak leaf cluster, a two-time recipient of the NASA Distinguished Service Medal, and, posthumously, the Congressional Space Medal of Honor.

Mission

Mercury-Redstone 4

Type: Human Exploration

Mercury-Redstone 4 was the second United States human spaceflight, on July 21, 1961. The suborbital Project Mercury flight was launched with a Mercury-Redstone Launch Vehicle, MRLV-8. The spacecraft, Mercury capsule #11, was nicknamed the Liberty Bell 7, and it was piloted by the astronaut Virgil "Gus" Grissom.

Location

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 5

Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

214 rockets have launched from Cape Canaveral, FL, USA.

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 5, Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

Rocket

Redstone

Length: 25.41 meters
Diameter: 1.78 meters
First Launch: November 21, 1960

The Mercury-Redstone Launch Vehicle, designed for NASA’s Project Mercury, was the first American manned space booster. It was used for six sub-orbital Mercury flights from 1960–61; culminating with the launch of the first, and 11 weeks later, the second American (and the second and third humans) in space. The four subsequent Mercury human spaceflights used the more powerful Atlas booster to enter low Earth orbit.

A member of the Redstone rocket family, it was derived from the U.S. Army’s Redstone ballistic missile and the first stage of the related Jupiter-C launch vehicle; but to human-rate it, the structure and systems were modified to improve safety and reliability.

The Redstone rocket has been launched a total of 2 times with 2 successful and 0 failed launches.

Agency

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Type: Government
Abbreviation: NASA
Administration: Administrator: Jim Bridenstine
Founded: 1958
Launchers: Space Shuttle | SLS
Spacecraft: Orion
Country: USA

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. NASA have many launch facilities but most are inactive. The most commonly used pad will be LC-39B at Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

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