Mercury-Redstone 3

Redstone MRLV

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Launch Status
Success

Crew

Alan Shepard

Alan Shepard

Pilot

Status: Deceased
11/18/1923 - 7/21/1998
Nationality: American
Type: Government
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Rear Admiral Alan Bartlett Shepard Jr. was an American astronaut, naval aviator, test pilot, and businessman. In 1961 he became the first American to travel into space, and in 1971 he walked on the Moon.

Mission

Mercury-Redstone 3

Type: Human Exploration

Mercury-Redstone 3, or Freedom 7, was the first United States human spaceflight, on May 5, 1961, piloted by astronaut Alan Shepard. It was the first manned flight of Project Mercury, the objective of which was to put an astronaut into orbit around the Earth and return him safely. Shepard's mission was a 15-minute suborbital flight with the primary objective of demonstrating his ability to withstand the high g-forces of launch and atmospheric re-entry.

Location

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 5

Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

209 launches have been at this location.

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 5, Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

Rocket

Redstone

Length: 25.41 meters
Diameter: 1.78 meters
First Launched: November 21, 1960

The Mercury-Redstone Launch Vehicle, designed for NASA’s Project Mercury, was the first American manned space booster. It was used for six sub-orbital Mercury flights from 1960–61; culminating with the launch of the first, and 11 weeks later, the second American (and the second and third humans) in space. The four subsequent Mercury human spaceflights used the more powerful Atlas booster to enter low Earth orbit.

A member of the Redstone rocket family, it was derived from the U.S. Army’s Redstone ballistic missile and the first stage of the related Jupiter-C launch vehicle; but to human-rate it, the structure and systems were modified to improve safety and reliability.

The Redstone rocket has been launched a total of 2 times with 2 successful and 0 failed launches.

Agency

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Type: Government
Abbreviation: NASA
Administration: Administrator: Jim Bridenstine
Founded: 1958
Launchers: Space Shuttle | SLS
Spacecraft: Orion
Country: USA

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. NASA have many launch facilities but most are inactive. The most commonly used pad will be LC-39B at Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

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