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Mars-96

Proton-K/D-2

Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center

Launch Status
Success

Mission

Mars-96

Type: Robotic Exploration

The Mars 96 spacecraft was launched into Earth orbit, but failed to achieve insertion into Mars cruise trajectory and re-entered the Earth’s atmosphere at about 00:45 to 01:30 UT on 17 November 1996 and crashed within a presumed 320 km by 80 km area which includes parts of the Pacific Ocean, Chile, and Bolivia. The cause of the crash is not known.

Location

200/39 (200L)

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

1531 rockets have launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan.

200/39 (200L), Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Rocket

Proton-K/D-2 – Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center

Family: Proton / UR-500
Length: 57 m
Diameter: 4.15 m
Launch Mass: 710 T
Low Earth Orbit Capacity: 6220 kg

The Proton-K/D-2 was manufactured by Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center with the first launch on 1988-07-07. Proton-K/D-2 has 3 successful launches and 0 failed launches with a total of 3 launches. The Proton-K was a Russian, previously Soviet, carrier rocket derived from the earlier Proton. It was built by Khrunichev, and launched from sites 81 and 200 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

Agency

Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center

Type: Government
Abbreviation: KhSC
Administration: Director: Andrey Vladimirovich Kalinovskiy
Founded: 1916
Launchers: Proton | Rokot

Country: RUS

Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center is a Moscow-based producer of spacecraft and space-launch systems, including the Proton and Rokot rockets and is currently developing the Angara rocket family. The Proton launch vehicle launches from Baikonur and Rokot launches from Baikonur and Plesetsk. Angara will launch from Plesetsk and Vostochny.

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