Type: Government/Top Secret
The project pilot payloads were small cylindrical satellites. These missions intended to be the first to launch a satellite from an aircraft. They had only a single instrument, a very primitive infrared line scanning device to make IR images of the ground.
Air launch to Suborbital flight
77 rockets have launched from Air launch to Suborbital flight.
Project Pilot – US Navy
- Length: 4.4 m
- Diameter: 0.76 m
- Launch Mass: 0 T
- Low Earth Orbit Capacity: 1 kg
The Project Pilot was manufactured by US Navy with the first launch on 1958-07-04. Project Pilot has 0 successful launches and 6 failed launches with a total of 6 launches. The NOTS-EV-1 Pilot, also known as NOTSNIK was an expendable launch system and anti-satellite weapon developed by the United States Navy’s United States Naval Ordnance Test Station (NOTS).
US Navy – USN
- Type: Government
- Abbreviation: USN
- Founded: 1963
- Spacecraft: Vanguard 1-3 | Parker Solar Probe
- Country: USA
The Navy was competed with the Army to put the first American satellite into orbit. Their first two Vanguard missions failed, with the second being a highly publicized failure, as it exploded on the launchpad. They went on to put 3 satellites into orbit but did not beat the Army to be the first. Their work in space continues today largely on military satellites.