Soviet Space Program
Type: Test Target
The DS-P1-Yu series of satellites was used to calibrate space surveillance and early warning radars.
Kapustin Yar, Russian Federation
101 rockets have launched from Kapustin Yar, Russian Federation.
Kosmos-2I – Strategic Rocket Forces
- Family: Kosmos 63S1
- Length: 31 m
- Diameter: 1.6 m
- Launch Mass: 48 T
- Low Earth Orbit Capacity: 300 kg
The Kosmos-2I was manufactured by Strategic Rocket Forces with the first launch on 1961-10-27. Kosmos-2I has 26 successful launches and 12 failed launches with a total of 38 launches. Kosmos-2I is the designation applied to two Soviet carrier rockets which were used to orbit satellites between 1961 and 1977.
Soviet Space Program – CCCP
- Type: Government
- Abbreviation: CCCP
- Founded: 1931
- Country: RUS
The Soviet space program, was the national space program of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) actived from 1930s until disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991.
The Soviet Union’s space program was mainly based on the cosmonautic exploration of space and the development of the expandable launch vehicles, which had been split between many design bureaus competing against each other. Over its 60-years of history, the Russian program was responsible for a number of pioneering feats and accomplishments in the human space flight, including the first intercontinental ballistic missile (R-7), first satellite (Sputnik 1), first animal in Earth orbit (the dog Laika on Sputnik 2), first human in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1), first woman in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova on Vostok 6), first spacewalk (cosmonaut Alexei Leonov on Voskhod 2), first Moon impact (Luna 2), first image of the far side of the Moon (Luna 3) and unmanned lunar soft landing (Luna 9), first space rover (Lunokhod 1), first sample of lunar soil automatically extracted and brought to Earth (Luna 16), and first space station (Salyut 1). Further notable records included the first interplanetary probes: Venera 1 and Mars 1 to fly by Venus and Mars, respectively, Venera 3 and Mars 2 to impact the respective planet surface, and Venera 7 and Mars 3 to make soft landings on these planets.