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Black Arrow

Royal Aircraft Establishment

Launch Status



Type: Test Flight

Uninstrumented spherical satellite meant to enable atmospheric density measurements by observing its orbital decay. It was destroyed in the failure of the first Black Arrow orbital launch failure.


Launch Area 5B

RAAF Woomera Range Complex

6 rockets have launched from RAAF Woomera Range Complex.

Launch Area 5B, RAAF Woomera Range Complex


Black Arrow – Royal Aircraft Establishment

Length: 13 m
Diameter: 2 m
Launch Mass: 18 T
Low Earth Orbit Capacity: 135 kg

The Black Arrow was manufactured by Royal Aircraft Establishment with the first launch on 1969-06-27. Black Arrow has 1 successful launches and 1 failed launches with a total of 2 launches. Black Arrow was a British satellite carrier rocket. Developed during the 1960s, it was used for four launches between 1969 and 1971. Its final flight was the first and only successful orbital launch to be conducted by the United Kingdom, and placed the Prospero satellite into low Earth orbit.


Royal Aircraft Establishment

Type: Government

Founded: 1904

Country: GBR

The Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE) was a British research establishment, known by several different names during its history, that eventually came under the aegis of the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD), before finally losing its identity in mergers with other institutions.

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