Robert Crippen Status: Retired 9/11/1937 – Nationality: American Type: Government First Flight: 4/12/1981 Last Flight: 10/5/1984 Robert Laurel Crippen is an American retired naval officer and aviator, test pilot, aerospace engineer, and retired astronaut. He traveled into space four times: as Pilot of STS-1 in April 1981, the first Space Shuttle mission; and as Commander of STS-7 in June 1983, STS-41-C in April 1984, and STS-41-G in October 1984. Crippen received the Congressional Space Medal of Honor. Launches Space Shuttle Columbia / OV-102 | STS-1 Space Shuttle Challenger / OV-099 | STS-7 Space Shuttle Challenger OV-099 | STS-41-C Space Shuttle Challenger / OV-099 | STS-41-G National Aeronautics and Space Administration Type: Government Abbreviation: NASA Administration: Administrator: Jim Bridenstine Founded: 1958 Launchers: Space Shuttle | SLS Spacecraft: Orion Country: USA The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. NASA have many launch facilities but most are inactive. The most commonly used pad will be LC-39B at Kennedy Space Center in Florida.