Reinhold Ewald Status: Retired 12/18/1956 – Nationality: German Type: Government First Flight: 2/10/1997 Last Flight: 2/10/1997 Dr. Reinhold Ewald (born December 18, 1956) is a German physicist and ESA astronaut. In 1990, he was selected to the German astronaut team, training for the Mir ’92 mission. He was the backup of Klaus-Dietrich Flade for the Soyuz TM-14 mission. In 1995 he began training for the second German Mir mission. In February 1997 he flew to the space station Mir with Soyuz TM-25, spending 20 days in space. He performed experiments in biomedical and material sciences, and carried out operational tests in preparation for the International Space Station. Launches Soyuz-U | Soyuz TM-25 European Space Agency Type: Multinational Abbreviation: ESA Administration: Johann-Dietrich Wörner Founded: 1975 Country: AUT,BEL,CZE,DNK,FIN,FRA,DEU,GRC,IRE,ITA,LUZ,NLD,NOR,POL,PRT,ROU,ESP,SWE,CHE,GBR The European Space Agency is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states. Established in 1975 and headquartered in Paris, France, ESA has a worldwide staff of about 2,000 employees. ESA’s space flight programme includes human spaceflight (mainly through participation in the International Space Station program); the launch and operation of unmanned exploration missions to other planets and the Moon; Earth observation, science and telecommunication; designing launch vehicles; and maintaining a major spaceport, the Guiana Space Centre at Kourou, French Guiana.