Philippe PerrinStatus: Retired 1/6/1963 – Nationality: French Type: Government First Flight: 6/5/2002 Last Flight: 6/5/2002Philippe Perrin (Colonel, French Air Force) (born January 6, 1963) is a French test pilot and former CNES and European Space Agency astronaut. He served as a mission specialist on the STS-111 mission in 2002 and logged over 332 hours in space, including 19 hours and 31 minutes in three spacewalks, performed with Franklin Chang-Diaz.LaunchesSpace Shuttle Endeavour / OV-105 | STS-111National Center of Space ResearchType: Government Abbreviation: CNES Administration: Jean-Yves Le Gall Founded: 1961 Launchers: Ariane 5 Spacecraft: Mars/Venus Express | Rosetta Country: FRAThe National Center of Space Research, or CNES, is a French National Agency in charge of France’s space program. In partnership with the US and Russia, they have put 10 people in space. CNES works in tandem with the larger ESA to develop the Ariane 5 and work on other probes and satellites. They are working with Germany to develop a cheaper and more efficient reusable rocket, which hopefully will be ready to fly by 2026.