Mikhail TyurinStatus: Retired 3/2/1960 – Nationality: Russian Type: Government First Flight: 8/10/2001 Last Flight: 11/7/2013Mikhail Vladislavovich Tyurin (Russian: Михаил Владиславович Тюрин) (born March 2, 1960) is a former Russian cosmonaut who flew several missions to the International Space Station and completed four spacewalks during his career. He is called a hero of the Russian Federation for his work as a cosmonaut. In 1994 he was selected to begin cosmonaut training, and in 1998 he started training as a flight engineer for the Expedition 3 crew. He also served as a backup crew member for the first ISS mission.LaunchesSpace Shuttle Discovery / OV-103 | STS-105Soyuz-FG | Soyuz TMA-9Soyuz FG | Soyuz TMA-11MRussian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)Type: Government Abbreviation: RFSA Administration: Administrator: Dmitry Rogozin Founded: 1992 Launchers: Soyuz Spacecraft: Soyuz Country: RUSThe Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, commonly known as Roscosmos, is the governmental body responsible for the space science program of the Russian Federation and general aerospace research. Soyuz has many launch locations the Russian sites are Baikonur, Plesetsk and Vostochny however Ariane also purchases the vehicle and launches it from French Guiana.