- Type: Government
- Abbreviation: ALR
- Administration: Andreas Geisler
- Founded: 1972
- Spacecraft: Spacelab | GALILEO
- Country: AUT
The Austrian Space Agency was founded in 1972 and joined the ESA as a member in 1987. In 2005, control of the ALR was transferred to the Austrian Agency for Aerospace. They coordinated the first flight of an Austrian in space with a Soyuz launch in 1990.