Capability: Human spaceflight in LEO.
Maiden Flight: 1960-05-15
Flight Life: Longest flight was 4 days.
Crew Capacity: 1
Payload Capacity: 4725
Vostok spacecraft used for test flights before the first human spaceflight.
The Vostok (Russian: Восток, translated as “East”) was a type of spacecraft built by the Soviet Union. The spacecraft was part of the Vostok programme, in which six manned spaceflights were made, from 1961–63.
The Vostok-3KA consisted of a spherical descent module, which housed the cosmonaut, instruments and escape system, and a conical instrument module, which contained propellant and the engine system.
On reentry, the cosmonaut would eject from the craft at about 7,000 m (23,000 ft) and descend via parachute, while the capsule would land separately. The reason for this was that the Vostok descent module made an extremely rough landing that could have left a cosmonaut seriously injured.
Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)
The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, commonly known as Roscosmos, is the governmental body responsible for the space science program of the Russian Federation and general aerospace research. Soyuz has many launch locations the Russian sites are Baikonur, Plesetsk and Vostochny however Ariane also purchases the vehicle and launches it from French Guiana.