Space Shuttle Columbia OV-102 – United Space Alliance Family: Space Shuttle meters Length: 38.1 meters Diameter: 8.4 meters Launch Mass: 2040 Low Earth Orbit Capacity: 24400 The Space Shuttle Columbia OV-102 was manufactured by United Space Alliance with the first launch on 1981-04-12. Space Shuttle Columbia OV-102 has 29 successful launches and 1 failed launches with a total of 30 launches. Space Shuttle Columbia was the first space-rated orbiter in NASA’s Space Shuttle fleet. It launched for the first time on mission STS-1 on April 12, 1981, the first flight of the Space Shuttle program. Over 22 years of service it completed 27 missions before disintegrating during re-entry near the end of its 28th mission, STS-107 on February 1, 2003, resulting in the deaths of all seven crew members. Manufacturer United Space Alliance (USA) is a spaceflight operations company. USA is a joint venture which was established in August 1995 as a Limited Liability Company (LLC), equally owned by Boeing and Lockheed Martin. United Space Alliance is a Commercial USA entity that was founded in 1995 and is administered by . United Space Alliance has 99 successful launches and 1 failed launches with a total of 100 launches.