Saturn IB – Chrysler Family: Saturn meters Length: 68.1 meters Diameter: 6.53 meters Launch Mass: 587 Low Earth Orbit Capacity: The Saturn IB was manufactured by Chrysler with the first launch on 1966-07-05. Saturn IB has 0 successful launches and 0 failed launches with a total of 0 launches. The Saturn IB (pronounced “Saturn one bee”, also known as the uprated Saturn I) was an American launch vehicle commissioned by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for the Apollo program. It replaced the S-IV second stage of the Saturn I with the much more powerful S-IVB, able to launch a partially fueled Apollo command and service module (CSM) or a fully fueled Apollo Lunar Module (LM) into low Earth orbit for early flight tests before the larger Saturn V needed for lunar flight was ready. Manufacturer In July 1959, NASA chose the Redstone missile as the basis for the Mercury-Redstone Launch Vehicle to be used for suborbital test flights of the Project Mercury spacecraft. Three unmanned MRLV launch attempts were made between November 1960 and March 1961, two of which were successful. The MRLV successfully launched the chimpanzee Ham, and astronauts Alan Shepard and Gus Grissom on three suborbital flights in January, May and July 1961, respectively. Chrysler is a Commercial USA entity that was founded in 1950 and is administered by . Chrysler has 2 successful launches and 0 failed launches with a total of 2 launches.