R-36O 8K69 – Yuzhnoye Design Bureau Family: R-36O meters Length: 32.6 meters Diameter: 3 meters Launch Mass: 182 Low Earth Orbit Capacity: The R-36O 8K69 was manufactured by Yuzhnoye Design Bureau with the first launch on 1965-07-28. R-36O 8K69 has 0 successful launches and 0 failed launches with a total of 0 launches. The R-36O was the only orbiting military nuclear weapon ever deployed, although in order to remain legal under international treaties it was a ‘fractional orbital’ weapon. Although American infrared early warning satellites invalidated the ‘surprise attack’ component of the concept, 18 missiles were operational from 1969 to 1983. Manufacturer Yuzhnoye Design Office, located in Dnipro, Ukraine, is a designer of satellites and rockets, and formerly of Soviet intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) established by Mikhail Yangel in 1951. The Zenit launch vehicle currently launches from Baikonur Cosmodrome but also used to launch from an ocean platform, Odyssey. Yuzhnoye Design Bureau is a Commercial UKR entity that was founded in 1951 and is administered by Director: Alexander Degtyarev. Yuzhnoye Design Bureau has 0 successful launches and 0 failed launches with a total of 0 launches.