Black Arrow – Royal Aircraft Establishment Family: Length: 13 meters Diameter: 2 meters Launch Mass: 18 Low Earth Orbit Capacity: 135 The Black Arrow was manufactured by Royal Aircraft Establishment with the first launch on 1969-06-27. Black Arrow has 0 successful launches and 0 failed launches with a total of 0 launches. Black Arrow was a British satellite carrier rocket. Developed during the 1960s, it was used for four launches between 1969 and 1971. Its final flight was the first and only successful orbital launch to be conducted by the United Kingdom, and placed the Prospero satellite into low Earth orbit. Manufacturer The Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE) was a British research establishment, known by several different names during its history, that eventually came under the aegis of the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD), before finally losing its identity in mergers with other institutions. Royal Aircraft Establishment is a Government GBR entity that was founded in 1904 and is administered by . Royal Aircraft Establishment has 0 successful launches and 0 failed launches with a total of 0 launches.